Yao Jingyuan: China not only wants to be a world factory, but also a world market


Yao Jingyuan: China not only wants to be a world factory, but also a world market

  "After more than 40 years of reform and opening up, there are two changes in China’s economic deep level.

"21st Century Economic Report Reporter Yang Qingqing Intern Shibelli Tianjin reported on October 21, Haihe International Consumer Summit Forum was held in Tianjin.

In the main point of the forum, Yao Jingyuan, special researcher, special researchers of the State Council, said that the comparative advantage of China’s economy has changed, and the second hundred years of struggle needs need to be based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, and build a new development pattern. Yao Jingyuan first pointed out in the speech that my country is in the new journey of achieving the goal of the second hundred years of struggle, that is, to the middle of this century, Ye Jiancheng, a strong socialist modern, a strong and beautiful socialist modern power. The goal of this struggle is divided into two phases. At the first stage, from 2020 to 2035, based on the establishment of a well-off society in an all-round way, struggling to struggle in fifteen years, basically realizing the modernization of socialism. Yao Jingyuan pointed out that by 2035, my country’s efforts to achieve medium-developed countries, which means that the main indicators of China’s economic economy must double in 15 years: the total economic volume from the current 1 trillion reached 2035 2 million 100 million, per capita GDP from the current $ 10,000 to 20,000 US dollars, total retail sales from 40 trillion to 800 trillion, becoming the world’s largest market scale. In addition, Yao Jingyuan said that by 2035, China’s my country-class income groups should increase from current 400 million people to 800 million, and low-income groups from the current 600 million people to 300 million. So how do you achieve such a grand goal? The "14th Five-Year Plan" and the 2035 farview target outline have given an answer: should be based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, and build a new development pattern.

Among them, the new concept is innovation, green, coordinated, open, shared, and the new pattern refers to the main body of domestic circulation, and international domestic double cycles promote each other.

  Yao Jingyuan analyzed that after more than 40 years of reform and opening up, two current China’s economy had two changes.

  The first change is a change in the comparative advantage. "At the beginning of 40 years ago, we have no capital, no technology, no market, we have theoretically, you can unlimited hardworking and cheap labor," Yao Jingyuan said, "So under that comparative advantage, we can only go Choose International Circulation as the main body, combining international advanced technology and capital with our hard work and cheap labor.

"This has also caused the main model of China’s reform and opening up for decades to process processing, contact processing, etc. Become a "world factory."

  However, the current comparative advantage of China’s economy is undergoing fundamental changes.

"We don’t have money, no capital, nor without technology, and we now have a large-scale domestic market, and powerful domestic demand potential, this is the most fundamental point of today’s China’s economic comparative advantage." Yao Jingyuan straightforward.

  Therefore, standing in this footprint, considering the current strategic choice of the current new development pattern, it is easier to understand.

"Current China’s comparative advantage change, require China not only to continue to be a good world factory, but also to be a good world market," Yao Jingyuan pointed out that "China is so huge market, not only to become the basic force that promotes China’s economic development, It will also make a significant contribution to the development of the world economy. In addition to the more advantages, Yao Jingyuan also mentioned that the main contradiction between China’s economy has also changed. The main contradictions of the Chinese economy have met the most basic material needs of the people. However, after decades of development, the main contradiction between China’s economy has become a contradiction between the people’s growing good life needs and unbalanced inadequate development. "To achieve the second hundred years of struggle, the biggest endogenous motivation is 1.4 billion people on a better life." Yao Jingyuan pointed out that the starting point of the entire economic work and the foothold should be placed in the needs of the people’s better life. When everyone is full of need and pursuit of good life, and is willing to pay hard work and efforts to achieve the huge power of the second hundred years of struggle.